At the time of Boland's birth, several dramatic changes were occurring in Ireland. Consequently,
in 1949, the state of Ireland (Éire) was formally declared as the Republic of Ireland. In doing so, the Republic of Ireland
left the British Commonwealth, while the remaining part of the island, Northern Ireland, remained part of Britain; the United
Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Within the republic's establishment, several economic reforms in the 1950's
and 1960's were made. As a result, the economic growth rate increased from 1% in the 1950's to 4.5% in the
1960's. The dramatic economic advances contributed greatly to the decline of emigration that had continued for over a century.
Thus, Boland's common themes of independence and perseverance reflect Ireland's struggle against England
for its own republic. As a young wife, Boland recalls the "daliness of life" and her realization that the ordinary events
in life were not recorded nor portrayed in poetry (New Yorker Online). Likewise, Boland noticed that Irish literature honored
its heroes, resisted ordinariness, and elevated stance. Thus, the events during Boland's life have influenced her perspective
and writing (Wikipedia).
© 2004 by Janet Lam. All rights reserved.